Erster Europäischer Tag zum Schutz von Kindern vor sexueller Ausbeutung und sexuellem Missbrauch

18.11.2015

Keine Grauzonen im Internet – Eine starke Lobby von Kinderschutzorganisationen fordert die internationale Ächtung von Missbrauch und sexueller Ausbeutung von Kindern im Internet

Erfreulicherweise verbieten viele gesetzliche Regelungen weltweit Darstellungen sexueller Ausbeutung von Kindern („jede Darstellung, gleich mit welchen Mitteln, eines an wirklichen oder simulierten expliziten sexuellen Aktivitäten beteiligten Kindes und jede Darstellung der Geschlechtsteile eines Kindes zu hauptsächlich sexuellen Zwecken“ – so genannte Kinderpornographie).

Allerdings manifestiert sich die sexuelle Ausbeutung von Kindern nicht nur durch Missbrauchsdarstellungen. In unseren modernen Gesellschaften können Kinder in vielerlei Hinsicht sexualisiert und als Sexualobjekte behandelt werden, zum Beispiel im Internet durch Abbildungen, die Kinder in erotischen oder zweideutigen Posen zeigen. Diese Abbildungen sind Teil der so genannten „Grauzonenbilder“, welche nicht unbedingt die Grenzen des Gesetzes überschreiten, um als Darstellungen des sexuellen Missbrauchs zu gelten. Aber diese Abbildungen stellen ihrem Wesen nach eine Form der Ausbeutung dar. Sie verletzen die Würde der Kinder, ihr Recht auf Privatsphäre und schädigen ihr Gefühl der Sicherheit. Solche Bilder werden in großem Umfang im Internet verbreitet und sind dort leichter zu finden als Darstellungen des sexuellen Missbrauchs von Kindern. Ihre weltweite Ächtung und Bekämpfung ist daher die Forderung von Organisationen, die sich dem Wohl und Schutz von Kindern verpflichtet fühlen. Nach einem Roundtable Ende Oktober in Berlin und der Vorstellung der Initiative beim Internet Governance Forum in Brasilien am 11. November haben inzwischen mehr als 30 Organisationen aus vielen Ländern der Welt ein gemeinsames Communiqué unterzeichnet.

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Communiqué

Condemnation of all forms of child sexual exploitation and abuse – “No Grey Areas on the Internet”

We, the undersigned organisations have gathered in Berlin on October 30th, 2015 to discuss the problem of child sexual exploitation and abuse on the Internet which must be addressed from an international perspective due to its cross-border nature. In the light of our common purpose to ensure the protection of children, we support the goals of the G7 member states emphasising the respect for human rights regardless of age. Guided by our shared values and principles, we stand united in our commitment to address child sexual exploitation and abuse on the Internet as a pressing threat to children[1] all over the world.

In addition to exchanging views and coordinating actions as set out below, we endorsed our Agenda to condemn Child Sexual Exploitation and Abuse on the Internet.

Definition and Relevance of Child Sexual Abuse Imagery in the “Grey Area”

Depictions of sexual exploitation of children („any representation, by whatever means, of a child engaged in real or simulated explicit sexual activities or any representation of the sexual parts of a child for primarily sexual purposes“[2] – so called child pornography[3]) are proscribed by law in many countries worldwide.

However, the sexual exploitation of children is not manifested only through child abuse images. In our modern societies children can be sexualised and treated as sexual objects in many different ways, for example on the Internet through images depicting children in erotic or suggestive poses. These are part of so called “Grey Area” imagery that does not necessarily cross the lines drawn by the law to qualify as child sexual abuse imagery, but we strongly believe it is exploitative in nature. It also violates children´s dignity and their right to privacy and damages their sense of security. These images are spread widely throughout the Internet and are much easier to find than child sexual abuse imagery. There is a risk that the free circulation and proliferation of this type of content might sustain a culture where the sexualisation of children is perceived and promoted as normal, thereby putting at risk other children as yet unharmed.

Postulations

This Communiqué is a call from the organisations who have joined together to condemn all forms of child sexual exploitation and abuse on the Internet and declare a policy of zero tolerance based on the expanded focus and understanding of exploitative imagery set out herein.

Exploitative images of children on the Internet may traumatize or re-traumatize victims, infringe children´s human dignity and expose victims to harassment or additional abuse. At the same time, there is a danger that such content further promotes the sexualisation of minors, encourages more sexual exploitation of children, and creates more demand for such content.

There is a need for joint action against the sexual exploitation of children. In light of this,

  1. we strongly condemn the possession, production and dissemination of depictions of the abuse and sexual exploitation of children on the Internet and reiterate our complete opposition to any form of commercial sexual exploitation of children;
  2. we stress the necessity to understand the connection of “Grey Area” images to the promotion of child sexual exploitation and call for labeling of images in the “Grey Area” as depictions of a form of sexual abuse and exploitation of children;
  3. we underline the need for a worldwide alignment of what constitutes depictions of abuse and sexual exploitation of children on the Internet based on common principles for the assessment of such material;
  4. we acknowledge the need for commonly defined criteria in order to classify such material. Terms and definitions must be precise enough to meet the standard of legal certainty; at the same time they must be worded in such a manner that they remain pertinent in dynamic developments;
  5. we call upon providers of platforms and hosting services to declare all depictions of abuse and sexual exploitation of children inadmissible according to their content guidelines, if they have not done it yet;
  6. we encourage providers to take comprehensive action against content, which may not be illegal but nevertheless is exploitative; for example by providing effective reporting mechanisms and user flagging procedures, by promoting awareness among users about this type of content and by strengthening notice and take down procedures;
  7. we strongly believe that hotlines and law enforcement play a key role in combating all kind of depictions of the abuse and sexual exploitation of children on the Internet and we encourage hotlines to take action on reports on „Grey Area“ imagery, for which they should be provided with sufficient resources;
  8. we encourage users themselves to support the fight against “Grey Area” imagery by using flagging procedures and reporting such imagery to platform providers and hotlines, whenever they come across such content;
  9. we are convinced that joint collaboration of stakeholders from industry, government, academia and the social welfare sector is a necessity for combating depictions of abuse and sexual exploitation of children on the Internet; we therefore demand more effective actions across sectors and at policy level, so that collectively we can be more effective in disrupting such imagery worldwide;
  10. We stand united in our efforts to sharpen awareness and to fight all kind of depictions of abuse and sexual exploitation of children.

Berlin, Oct 30th, 2015

[1] A child means every human being below the age of eighteen years according to UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, Art. 1.

[2] Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, Art. 2.

[3] In the following we avoid the term child pornography and replace it by the term child sexual abuse imagery.

Unterzeichnende Organisationen

Arbeiterwohlfahrt
Bundesverband e. V.
Arbeitsgemeinschaft Kinder- und Jugendschutz, Landesstelle NRW e. V.
Association e-Enfance
Barnaheill – Save the Children Iceland and SAFT (Society, family and technique) – SIC
Bundesarbeitsgemeinschaft der Kinderschutz-Zentren e. V.
Bündnis gegen Cybermobbing e. V.
CanadianCentreForChildProtection Canadian Centre for Child Protection
Child Focus
Diakonie Deutschland – Evangelischer Bundesverband
Deutsches Rotes Kreuz e. V.
Deutsche UNESCO-Kommission e. V.
Deutsches Kinderhilfswerk e. V.
Deutscher Kinderschutzbund Bundesverband e.V.
ECPAT Germany
ECPAT International
ECPAT Sweden
Evangelische Kirche in Deutschland
European NGO Alliance for Child Safety Online
gegen Missbrauch e. V.
„Hope For Children“ UN Convention on the Rights of the Child Policy Center
Innocence in Danger e. V.
Internet Association Japan
jugendschutz.net
Kanner-Jugendtelefon Luxembourg – National child helpline and operator of the BEE SECURE Stopline
Meldpunt Kinderporno Niederlande
Missing Children Europe
Safenet BG (the Bulgarian SIC including the Hotline maintained by the Applied Research and Communications Fund)
Save the Children Denmark
Save the Children Finland
Save the Children Germany
Save the Children Italy
Service National de la Jeunesse / BEE SECURE Awareness Centre, Luxembourg
SOS Il Telefono Azzurro Onlus
terre des hommes e.V.
Zentrum für Kinderschutz im Internet – I-KiZ

Bilder vom Roundtable am 30. Oktober in Berlin

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Download

For downloading the Communiqué click here.